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China

Language

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In China, both Putonghua and English are the languages of business. So, if the foreign tourists travel to China for business purpose, they can usually communicate with the chinese merchants in simple English. However, Putonghua is an official language of China. Most of the Chinese merely speak Putonghua with the outsiders. So, if the foreign tourists want to visit China but cannot speak Putonghua, they will find inconvenient on their tours. Therefore, it is essential and useful for the foreign tourists to learn some simple Putonghua when they decide to visit China.

The followings are some common words or phrases that the foreign tourists will find it useful to learn when they visit China :

 

Some common Putonghua that can be spoken in different situations :
For Greeting and Enquiry
For Transportation
For Meal



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For Greeting and Enquiry

English Putonghua (Mandarian)
Hello ni-hao (你好)
How do you do ni hao (你好)
Welcome! Huan Ying! (歡迎!)
Very good hen hao (很好)
Good morning zao shang hao (早上好)
Good friends hao peng you (好朋友)
Goodbye zai jian (再見)
Thank you xie xie (謝謝)
Please qing ()
I am sorry dui bu qi (對不起)
Don't mention it bu ke qi (不客氣)
Excuse me qing yuan liang (請原諒)
It doesn't matter mei guan xi (沒關係)
You're welcome bu ke qi (不客氣)
Today jin tian (今天)
Will you show me the way to .....? qing wen zen mo zou? (請問怎麼走?)
Where na li (那裡)
When shen mo shi hou (什麼時候)
Let's go zou ba (走吧)
Wait a moment deng yi deng (等一等)
What is this? zhe shi shen mo? (這是什麼?)
How much? duo shao qian? (多少錢)

For Transportation

English Putonghua (Mandarian)
Bus stop qi che zhan (汽車站)
Trolley stop dian che zhan (電車站)
Taxi chu zu qi che (出租汽車)
Plane fei ji (飛機)
Van mian bao che (面包車)
Coach da jiao che (大轎車)
Bus gong gong qi che (公共汽車)
Minibus xiao gong gong qi che (小公共汽車)
Trolley Bus wu gui dian che (無軌電車)
Driver si ji (司機)
Conductor shou piao yuan (售票員)
Hard-seat carriage ying zuo che xiang (硬座車廂)
Soft-seat caarriage ruan zuo che xiang (軟座車廂)
Hard sleeper ying wo che xiang (硬臥車廂)
Soft sleeper ruan wo che xiang (軟臥車廂)
Express pu tong ke che (普通客車)
Emergency exit jin ji chu kou (緊急出口)

For Meal

English Putonghua (Mandarian)
Chinese restaurant zhong can ting (中餐廳)
Western restaurant xi can ting (西餐廳)
Hotel fan dian / lu guan (飯店 / 旅館)
Bar jiu ba (酒吧)
Cafe ka fei ting (咖啡廳)
Waiter and waitress fu wu yuan (服務員)
cashier shou yin yuan (收銀員)
Beverage yin liao (飲料)
Toilets xi shou jian (洗手間)
Public telephone gong yong dian hua (公用電話)
Smoking area xi yan qu (吸煙區)
Non-smoking area fei xi yan qu (非吸煙區)
It's delicious wei dao zhen hao! (味道真好!)




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Last modified 1 Aug 2001
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